19 Jan Blue Mosque – Sultan Ahmed Mosque Istanbul Turkey
Due to the color of the eye-catching patterns adorning its interior walls , the Blue Mosque , which is called “ Blue Mosque ” abroad, is considered as one of the most successful examples of Turkish-Islamic architecture.
The building, which brought a brand new perspective to the Ottoman mosque culture with its architectural approach preferred in its construction, is one of the stops that should be seen within the scope of the Historical Peninsula tour. Here is Sultanahmet , which gave its name to a neighborhood in all aspects.
Information about the Blue Mosque
The religious structure, which is located in the list of places to visit in the Historical Peninsula , is built between 1609-1616 in line with the order of Sultan Ahmet I, who is known for his importance to spirituality .
Carrying the signature of Sedefkâr Mehmet Ağa , which is considered one of the most important names of Ottoman architecture after Sinan , the building is the first mosque (sultan) mosque built with an allowance allocated from the state treasury .
Sultanahmet was built in place of Ayşe Sultan Palace , which covers a large area on the sea-facing part of Horse Square . The palace located in the direction of Qibla was purchased for 30.000 gold.
Many statesmen, especially the sultan, worked in the construction of the mosque. Even the foundation of the building was laid by Ahmet I himself . The pickaxe, where the sultan struck the ground where the foundation will be laid, is on display at the Topkapı Palace today.
Sultanahmet , which was subjected to criticism from various sections after its completion, is known as the first and only 6 minaret mosque within the Ottoman borders .
The focus of criticism about the building was the high amount of money spent despite the minaret number being the same as the Mecca Mosque and the decrease in the income of the empire. Some of these criticisms were made by Ahmet I to Mecca 7 . it ended thanks to having the minaret built.
The honor number of the mosque was determined as 16 by Mehmet Ağa . When choosing this number, the architect wanted to emphasize that when the Age of Fetret was taken into account, Ahmet I was the 16th sultan who came to the throne in the Ottoman Empire.
Sultanahmet, which is one of the most interesting historical buildings of Istanbul with Topkapı Palace , Basilica Cistern and Grand Bazaar ,had a large complex when it was first built. However, a large part of the complex, which consists of madrasah, sultanian palace, imaret house, intern, and baths, has failed to reach today.
Nevertheless, you can see the single-domed tomb and sundial of Ahmet I , who died at the age of 28 in the garden of the building . The fountain in the mosque was designed with 6 columns.
Inside the Blue Mosque
There is a cord made of iron at the main door of the Blue Mosque , which can be accessed from 3 doors to its courtyard . This cord was placed at the entrance and asked to be given the message “ Even if the sultan who came to the house of Allah has to bend while entering ”.
Sophia ‘s 1924 interior you’ll get results in the years transformed into a museum in Istanbul’s main mosque, which has become a religious structure that rests on four columns through the main gate, 43 closed with a majestic dome height in meters.
The diameter of the dome, decorated with eye-catching patterns, is 23.5 meters. Blue, which is the dominant color in the patterns in this part of the mosque, was used during repairs in different periods. In the restoration, which was completed in 1990 , ceiling patterns were partially restored to their original form.
During the visit, the walls of the mosque, where you will have the opportunity to listen to the prayers read by the best muezzins of Istanbul, adorn about 22,000 tiles brought from Iznik and Kütahya .
Motifs of different flower types are engraved on the tiles, which have a great role in attracting the mosque. Thanks to the 260 windows that provide illumination of the building , the tiles display a very beautiful appearance especially on the days when the weather is open.
Apart from the 16th and 17th century tiles, the sections that I would recommend you to see in the interior of Sultanahmet are the mosque’s altar, pulpit and sultanate. The marble altar is covered with tiles decorated with flower motifs, just like on the walls, and its visuality is enhanced with columns.
The elements that bring the glory to the pulpit covered with gold gilding are geometric passes and reliefs. The sultan pavilion, where you can see its first example in the Ottoman mosque, was built for the rest of the sultan before and after prayer.
I suggest you take the time to see the fine wall workmanship inside the mansion, the door of which is decorated with gilded tiles, mother-of-pearl inlays.
Where and how to go to the Blue Mosque?
Located right across the Hagia Sophia Museum , the Blue Mosqueis located in the Historic Peninsula Region, famous for the historical buildings of Fatih District.
Due to the unique features of its magnificent architecture, you can easily reach the mosque, which deserves to be on the list of places to visit in Istanbul, by using various vehicles connected to the developed public transportation network of the city. The most practical method for this is to take the tram from Eminönü and get off at Sultan Ahmet Station .
If you are coming from the Anatolian side, you can take the tram after passing to Kabataş or Eminönü by ferry. You can reach the square where the mosque is located by using the Taksim-Beyazıt bus.
Most of the roads around the square named after the mosque are closed to vehicle traffic. Therefore, when you want to come to the region using your own vehicle, you can choose from the areas around Topkapı Palace or high schools as a parking place .
Since the religious building, where the entrance is free, is open to worship, certain rules must be followed during the visit. The first of these rules is arranged for the style of clothing due to respect for spiritual values.
Another important rule, which is requested to pay attention to those who want to visit the building, is about the “ Friday Prayer ”. On Friday, visitors are temporarily not admitted to the sections of the mosque devoted to worship at noon, so that the community does not feel uncomfortable.
If you have time left from your trip to the Blue Mosque , you can go to Kabasakal Street , aka Arasta Bazaar , right next to the building for shopping . You can try the meatballs in the region when you are hungry after visiting the street where antique goods and carpets are sold.